Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) occurs when the tissue and muscles of the pelvic floor no longer support the pelvic organs resulting in the drop (prolapse) of the pelvic organs from their normal position. The pelvic organs include the vagina, cervix, uterus, bladder, urethra, and rectum. The bladder is the most commonly involved organ in pelvic organ prolapse
Supporting muscles and tissue of the pelvic floor may become torn or stretched because of labor or childbirth or may weaken with age. Other risk factors for POP include: genetic predisposition, connective tissue disorder, obesity and frequent constipation.
Many women have some degree of POP, although not all women have symptoms. Women who have symptoms may experience pelvic discomfort or pain, pressure and other symptoms including:
It is important for women to consult with their health care provider for proper diagnosis of POP.
After obtaining a detailed medical history and completing a thorough physical exam, your health care provider can recommend treatment options for your pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Nonsurgical or surgical treatment usually provides significant relief, but it may not completely solve all symptoms associated with POP such as pelvic pain or pressure.
NONSURGICAL TREATMENT OPTIONS
Examples of nonsurgical treatment options for POP include:
SURGICAL TREATMENT OPTIONS
Not every woman with POP will need surgery. Surgery may be recommended for women with significant discomfort or pain from POP that impairs their quality of life. If surgery is recommended, factors to consider include:
Surgery to repair POP can be done through either the vagina or abdomen, using stitches (sutures) alone or with the addition of surgical mesh. Surgical options include restoring the normal position of the vagina, repairing the tissue around the vagina, permanently closing the vaginal canal with or without removing the uterus (colpocleiesis). It is also possible that women with POP may experience problems with urine leakage (incontinence). During surgery, a procedure to prevent or decrease urine leakage (which may also use surgical mesh) may be performed. At UCLA, we are highly skilled at performing minimally invasive advanced pelvic organ prolapse repair using transvaginal techniques or with the aid of robotic-assistance.
In addition, we have pioneered the latest surgical advancements in cystocele repair. Using a novel technique of interlocking sutures, they offer durable surgical cures without many of the problems associated with vaginal mesh for bladder repair. Like other forms of cystocele repair, our innovative cystocele repair using interlocking prolene sutures (CRISP) is an outpatient procedure. Patients are able to go home the same day as the procedure and resume light-duty activity immediately.